Karate was born on the island of Okinawa.
As a result of the fact that Chinese-based (especially Fujian) Kempo techniques are combined with the domestic combat styles of Ryukyu islands (Naha-te, Shuri-te, Tomari-te, etc.), The martial arts, known as “Karate” (唐手), were born with a significant difference from master to master. The most important document for this early period of Karate is the book written in Chinese and called Bubishi (武備志) which is widely used until the beginning of the 20th century. In the traditional Okinawa community, Karate was being taught by the samurai class called pēchin (親雲上)
It can be said that the Japanese Budo’s influence on Karate was limited until the 19th century. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, several Okinawan masters, mainly Gichin Funakoshi, settled in Japan and were harmonized Karate with Budo. From that point, Karate continues to develop alongside modern Japanese martial arts called Gendai budō (現代武道). In terms of form and understanding, Funakoshi was significantly influenced by Jigoro Kano’s creation of Ju-do based on Ju-Jutsu. In this period, Karate’s writing in the form of “empty hand” (空手) has become widespread.
Even in Japan until World War II it was not a well-known fighting technique. Later, its popularity increased during the US occupation. However, the US military wanted to put this martial art into a defensive sport because of the risk of being used against itself during the occupation. This request was received by Funakoshi, who played a major role in Karate’s being heard, and the first sports version of Karate was created. In this way, many years of hard-to-learn art, which has become very popular all over the world.
Style named Shōtōkan-ryū (松濤館流) or shortly Shotokan(松濤館) later by his students;
SHOTO: as a The master’s nickname/pen-name for writing poetry,
KAN: meaning place, school
RYU: Style, Method
KARATE IN TURKEY
Karate alongside with Judo entered Turkey in 1962 as a result of wrestling coach Halil Yüceses’s return from Japan. Some of the Karate techniques are taught by various Judo teachers and the Turkish Armed Forces are recognized in the field of combat training. In 1969, Michel Novowitch, coach of the Judo Federation, also trained in Karate in addition to Judo.
Hakkı Kosar had pioneered in Turkey Amateur Karate Organization and the 1970s entered the independence process from Ju-do in 1980 that federation through the reorganization as Turkey Judo and Karate Federation, and in 1990 Turkey Karate Federation was founded. In Turkey, since the early years of karate, Shotokan Style spread with JKA (Funakoshi based Nakayama style). In later years different styles have been studied. Turkey Karate Federation continues its activities under the World Karate Federation (WKF).
Karate-Do, also widely studied in the Universities and is a sports competitions organized by the University Sports Federation of Turkey.